Bicycle Friendly States
The Bicycle Friendly State program is designed to establish best practices — we know every state has great riding opportunities, but states can take different actions to help improve the safety, comfort, and accessibility of bicycling.
The Bicycle Friendly State program includes a ranking of all 50 states based upon policies, programs, and other public agency efforts to create great bicycling in each state.
We are able to create this ranking thanks to the cooperation of staff at each state's Department of Transportation, who provide a wealth of information by completing our Bicycle Friendly State (BFS) survey. However, our ranking seeks to communicate general state efforts, including many state efforts that go beyond state Departments of Transportation, as well as the current state of bicycling based upon available data.
What makes a Bicycle Friendly State?
Click here to download the Attributes of a Bicycle Friendly States
How does the Bicycle Friendly State program assess state actions?
Click here to learn more about the categories we assess.
Resources for Building a Bicycle Friendly State
- Review the National Conference of State Legislatures guide Encouraging Bicycling and Walking: The State Legislative Role
- Find more information on 13 types of common laws and regulations pertaining to bicycles for each state
- The League of American Bicyclists opposes mandatory side path laws and any legislation that would restrict bicyclist access to roads as operators of vehicles. Review the League’s position on this and other topics.
- Review information regarding helmet laws for your state, as well as the League’s position on helmet use.
- Find states that require a safe passing distance
- Review information on photo enforcement
- Check out more information on state laws restricting cell phone use
- See an example of officer bicycle and pedestrian law trainings
- Review Chapters 1, 11, and 12 of the Uniform Vehicle Code
- Check out The Innovative DOT - A Handbook of Policy and Practice
- League of American Bicyclists supports Complete Streets that are designed and operated to enable safe access for all users. Pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists and bus riders of all ages and abilities are able to safely move along and across a complete street. Visit Smart Growth America to learn more, and see this example of a statewide policy.
- For an example of a carbon emission reduction plan, review Maryland's Comprehensive Greenouse Gas and Carbon Footprint Reduction Strategy
- Cyclists often travel across city, county and even state boundaries. See FHWA's Small Towns and Rural Multimodal Networks Guide and the Lake Champlain Bikeways for an example of bike facility coordination with neighboring states.
- Review information on FHWA’s rumble strip recommendations as well as Colorado’s bicycle-friendly rumble strip design
- For context sensitive design guidance see Oregon’s Main Street…When a Highway Runs Through It and Maryland’s When Main Street is a State Highway
- See information about Bicycle Level of Service (BLOS)
- Learn about the FAST ACT - the most recent federal transportation bill
- See interim guidance on Transportation Alternatives
- Information on Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) can be found here and here
- Information on State Planning & Research (SPR) can be found here
- For an example of a statewide bicycle route network, click here
- For information on national US numbered bike routes, click here
- For more information on the liability issues of bikeways see the National Cooperative Highway Legal Digest
- For information on League of American Bicyclists Bike Ed classes being offered in your state, as well as a listing of current League Certified Instructors (LCI’s) click here
- For an example of a statewide “Share the Road” campaign click here
- See how other states are supporting Safe Routes to School efforts here
- For an example of a state Bicycle Driver’s Manual click here
- For information about state and large city advocacy organizations, click here
- For an example on bicycle tourism promotion, click here
- For an example of bicycle usage rates listed within a State Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan (SCORP), click here and here
- For examples of good statewide bicycle plans, click here
- Video produced by Arkansas State University explaining the statewide bike planning process
- For uniform guidelines on bicycle safety for your state Highway Safety Plan click here
- For NHTSA cyclist fatality rates, click here
- Click here for the American Community Survey rates of bike commuting by state
- For examples of statewide Bicycle Summits, click here
Program Contact: Ken McLeod
Bicycle Friendly State